Hernia Hiatal Symptoms – Risks, Complications and Diagnosis

60 percent of individuals above the age of 50 years have hernia hiatal. The incidences are reported more in the developed nations of Western Europe and North America. In only nine percent of cases, hernia hiatal symptoms are apparent. This article tries to gain further awareness on the alarming signs of this condition.

Hernia Hiatal Symptoms:

  • Heartburn
  • Gas
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Asymptomatic
  • Acid reflux
  • Signs after taking meal
  • Stomach protrusion through diaphragm muscle
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dull pains in the chest
  • Heart palpitations

People from all ages can develop this condition. However, aged people are more at risk of developing this condition.

Risk Factors Associated with Hiatal Hernia Symptoms:

  • Stress
  • Heredity
  • Smoking
  • Hard sneezing
  • Weakness of diaphragm
  • Heavy lifting
  • Bending over
  • Violent vomiting
  • Frequent coughing
  • Use of drugs like cocaine
  • Obesity
  • Constipation
  • Hard coughing
  • Defecation in sitting position

Not eating enough fibrous foods can make passage of bowel movement a strenuous activity. As a result, the stomach might get pressurized enough to protrude through the diaphragm. Unnatural sitting position to feel at ease during defecation also increases the risk.

Complications of Hiatal Hernia:

  • Dysphagia – Difficulty in swallowing
  • Gas bloat syndrome
  • Excessive scarring
  • Dumping syndrome
  • Dental erosion
  • Inflation of lung
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Esophagitis
  • Barrett’s esophagus

Diagnosis of Hernia Hiatal Symptoms:

Endoscopy, upper GI series and high resolution manometry are the three diagnostic techniques to identify the signs of this condition.


It is a medical diagnostic tool consisting of a tube like structure with a camera attached at one end. The tube in inserted through the mouth along the food pipe to get a view of the interior of the body up to the duodenum. The procedure neither requires any incision or recovery period.

Upper GI Series:

It consists of taking series of X-rays of the esophagus, stomach and the duodenum. This testing helps in finding signs like acid reflux, uncontrolled vomiting, ulcers and blood in the stools.

High Resolution Manometry:

In this technique, sensors are closely placed along the food pipeline to find the pressure all along it.

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