What is GERD…

A failure of the stomach working. We will introduce you, what is GERD, and how you can treat it.

Eating is a big pleasure for everyone. We eat an every day, because we need energy for our existence and well-being. But, what, when the eating causes a feeling of pain and discomfort in our body? One of the reason of this bad feeling during eating might be a disorder, which name is the GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). This disease features backspacing of stomach acid from stomach into the espophagus. The food goes through the espophagus directly to the stomach, while we eat. It crosses the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) before reaching the stomach, which is the muscular valve. It controls flows of food and drink. When the food or drink arrives in the stomach, then the LES is opened and after crossing the muscular valve, it is closed. In case of the GERD, the lower esophageal sphincter does not work properly. What can mean, that it opens and closes in bad moments.

Causes of GERD:

People often do not know, what is GERD, and doctors or specialists do not know, what exactly causes the GERD. Even though, they do not know what causes this disorder, they know what can strengthen symptoms of this disease. Especially, the impact on making GERD worse are pregnancy, drinking alcohol and obesity. Specialists also mention some foods and drinks, which have a negative impact on the process. They mention: spicy food, greasy meals, garlic, onion, tomatoes sauces, spaghetti, coffees, citrus fruits and some sweets.


Withdrawal of the stomach contents lead to the gastroesophageal reflux. This is a feeling of burn, behind the breastbone, which can come up the neck. Different symptoms of this disorder might be vomiting, difficulties during deglutition or chronic tussis. These symptoms do not have to indicate that we have GERD. In case of the gastroesophageal reflux disease, the symptoms are more frequent and heavier. Additionally, we include as symptoms as sore throat, swallowing problems, sour and acid taste inside the mouth, feeling of embolism in the throat and difficult breath, in case of gastroesophageal reflux disease. When we observe these symptoms or part of them, we ought to see our doctor as soon as it is possible.


During visiting a doctor, he/she makes you a medical history. First of all, he or she should do some tests, including endoscopy, barium swallow radiograph and 24-hour Impedance probe study. When he/she suspects GERD, it is obligatory to start a treatment. The treatment depends on how severe is the disorder. The doctor sometimes can only give you an advice on changing your lifestyle. For example, changing of menu. If the case is more serious then the sick person should take some medicines, and use a special treatment. Rarely, but in the particular cases the doctor can recommend surgery.

New Style of Life:

People should start do the following activities to change their lifestyle in order of curing the GERD.

  • They ought to stop smoking.
  • They also should stop drinking alcohol.
  • They should not have any meals 3 hours before going sleep.
  • They ought to wear loose-fitting clothes.
  • They should drink clear, mineral water and eat smaller meals, which are made of fresh ingredients.
  • In case of taking medicines, sort of medicine and dosage depends on the individual symptoms of every single patient, his body, phase of disorder and verification of the doctor.


We know, what is GERD now, and so we should observe our body. In case of re-occurrence of symptoms, we should treat them seriously and immediately visit our doctor. When we start our medication, we should reduce or even stop the GERD and difficult effects of it. But if we shrug it off, it may cause severe effects. A long term, the most dangerous effect of GERD is a cancer of the esophagus. You should start to live healthily, listen to your doctor and avoid the activities and things which might cause these syndromes. It is very hard to change our lifestyle and get used to the new things, but we ought to do this, for the welfare of everyone of us.

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